Francois Mauriac was born in Bordeaux, France, on 11th October, 1885. He became a writer and published the acclaimed novel, Therese Desqueyneux in 1927.
In the 1930s Mauriac emerged as the leader of the Catholic left, Mauriac was active in the campaign for the Republicans during the Spanish Civil War.
After the signing of the armistice Mauriac originally supported Henri-Philippe Petain and the Vichy government. However, after the passing of the anti-Jewish laws in 1941 he joined the French Resistance. He became an editor of the underground Lettres Francaises and well as the author of Cashier noir, an attack on Petain's government.
After the war Mauriac worked as a columnist for the L'Express and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1952. Francois Mauriac died in 1970.