Bows were used by both Anglo-Saxons and the Normans. It was the weapon used by soldiers of low rank. In the Battle of Hastings only one archer is wearing a hauberk and metal helmet. The bow in the 11th century was about 50 centimetres (20 inches) long and was made of yew or ash wood. The bow was only pulled back to the chest and had a killing range of about 90 metres (100 yards).
At the end of the 12th century the longbow began to replace the bow as a military weapon.