Nikolai Maklakov in 1914

Nikolai Maklakov was born in Russia in 1871. An ardent monarchist and extremely conservative politician. a strong supporter of Nicholas II and the autocracy, Maklakov was appointed Minister of the Interior in December, 1912.

A strong influence over Ivan Goremykin, Maklakov was the main figure in the government who argued against making concessions to the reformers. He also wanted the Duma to be closed down.

Nikolai Maklakov

1. Was a strong supporter of Nicholas II and the autocracy.

2. Did not believe in universal suffrage.

3. Wanted the Russian government to deal harshly with those people demanding political reforms.

4. Thought Russia should support Serbia against the Triple Alliance.

5. Thought Russia should honour its obligations and support the Triple Entente against the Triple Alliance.

6. As the Russian Army was the largest army in the world he was convinced that Russia would defeat Austria-Hungary and Germany in a war.

Primary Sources

(1) Alexander Kerensky, Russia and History's Turning Point (1965)

Nikolai Maklakov was wholeheartedly for the Russian autocracy. In the concessions of 1905 "one leg had been lifted", and ever since the life of Russia had been like "a drunkard's walk, tottering from wall to wall." He saw the growing discontent, and he claims that he alone was for decisive measures - even for dissolution of the Duma.