Fritz Bayerlein was born in Wuerzburg, Germany on 14th January 1899. He joined the German Army at the age of eighten and as a member 9th Bavarian Infantry Regiment fought on the Western Front during the First World War
Bayerlein remained in the army and by the outbreak of the Second World War had reached the rank of major. In the invasion of Poland he served under General Heinz Guderian as his First General Staff Officer.
Bayerlein also served under Guderian during the Western Offensive. The crossed the Meuse near Sedan on 14th May. However, General Paul von Kliest ordered Guderian to halt until the arrival of General Siegmund List and his 12th Army. This major mistake allowed the British Expeditionary Force to escape to England.
In October 1941, Bayerlein was sent to North Africa. When General Walther Nehring was wounded at Alam Halfa on 30th August 1942, he briefly became commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps. He then served under General Erwin Rommel and General Wilhelm von Thoma. When Thoma was captured at El Alamein on 4th November, Bayerlein once again resumed control during the retreat.
Bayerlein developed muscular rheumatism and hepititis and was sent to Italy just before the German Army was forced to surrender in Tunisia on 13th May 1943.
In October 1943 Bayerlein was sent to the Soviet Union as head of the 3rd Panzer Division. Three months later he became commander of the elite Panzer Lehr Division. They moved to Hungary before moving to France after the Normandy landings where he fought at Caen. Bayerlein also took part in the Ardennes Offensive under General Hasso Manteuffel. He got to within 10 miles of the Meuse before being forced to retreat.
Bayerlein was commander of the 53rd Corps until surrendering to the United States Army in the Ruhr on 15th April 1945. Fritz Bayerlein, who wrote a great deal about military matters after the war, died in 1970.