The Northumbrian

Built in 1830, the Northumbrian was an enlarged version of the Rocket with the cylinders almost horizontal. The other important change was that George Stephenson and Robert Stephenson had the firebox incorporated into the boiler for the first time and had a smokebox in the front, to produce what became the conventional locomotive boiler. With George Stephenson on the footplate, the Northumbrain was used as the leading locomotive during the opening of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway on 13th September, 1830.

The Northumbrian with its integral firebox
The Northumbrian with its integral firebox

Primary Sources

(1) George Lansbury, Looking Backwards and Forwards (1935)

There is one outstanding lesson I have learned is that wealth can only be acquired at the expense of others. I say this with the absolute assurance that it is an indisputable statement of fact. Also, that all of us, no matter how skilled we are, or however much ability we possess, do in fact depend on our daily bread, our comforts, and material pleasures on the toil and labour of the masses who often live unrequited lives of toil and hardship.