University of St. Andrews

In the 13th century St. Andrews was a small fishing village on the east coast of Scotland. The village grew in size when it became a place of pilgrimage after it was claimed to have the remains of St. Andrew the Apostle. A cathedral to house the the holy relic was built and in 1411, Britain's third university was established at St. Andrews. Although it experienced considerable growth in the 19th century, the population of St. Andrews is only 16,000, a quarter of whom are students.