Karen Horney was born in Hamburg, Germany, in 1885. Educated at the universities of Freiburg and Berlin, Horney taught at the Institute of Psychoanalysis (1920-32). Horney was strongly opposed to Adolph Hitler and after he gained power she emigrated to the United States.
Horney taught at the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis (1934-41) before becoming dean of the American Institute for Psychoanalysis. She wrote a large number of books including The Neurotic Personality of Our Time (1936), New Ways in Psychoanalysis (1939), Self-Analysis (1942), Our Inner Conflicts (1945) and Neurosis and Human Growth (1950). Karen Horney died in 1952.