German National People's Party (DNVP)

The German National People's Party (DNVP) was formed in 1918 and mainly funded by the wealthy industrialist, Hugo Stinnes. This right-wing party opposed the Versailles Treaty, supported the restoration of the monarchy and was critical of the power of the trade unions. Led by the wealthy newspaper magnate, Alfred Hugenberg, the DNVP won 66 seats in the Reichstag in the 1920 General Election.

With the support of the Social Democratic Party, the DNVP leader, Gustav Stresemann became chancellor of Germany in 1923. He managed to bring an end to the passive resistance in the Ruhr and resumed payment of reparations. He also tackled the problem of inflation by establishing the Rentenbank.

The DNVP campaigned against the Locarno Treaty and the Young Plan. However, by 1930 the more extreme Nazi Party became the country's leading right-wing party and by 1933 they only has 52 seats.

When Adolf Hitler became chancellor in January 1933 he invited the DNVP to join his coalition government and Alfred Hugenberg became Minister of Agriculture and Economics. On 23rd March, 1933, all members of the DNVP in the Reichstag voted for the Enabling Bill which gave Hitler dictatorial powers.

In June, 1933, Hitler dissolved the DNVP and forced its leader, Alfred Hugenberg, from the government.

Political Parties in the Reichstag

June

1920

May

1924

Dec.

1924

May

1928

Sep.

1930

July

1932

Nov.

1932

Mar.

1933

Communist Party (KPD)

4

62

45

54

77

89

100

81

Social Democratic Party (SDP)

102

100

131

153

143

133

121

120

Catholic Centre Party (BVP)

65

81

88

78

87

97

90

93

Nationalist Party (DNVP)

71

95

103

73

41

37

52

52

Nazi Party (NSDAP)

-

-

-

12

107

230

196

288

Other Parties

98

92

73

121

122

22

35

23