In 1535 Henry VIII began to close the monasteries in England. Most people living in the north of England were still strong supporters of the Catholic faith. Many of them complained about the way monks were being treated.
In Yorkshire, in 1536, a lawyer named Robert Aske formed an army to defend the monasteries. The rebel army was joined by priests carrying crosses and banners. Leading nobles in the area also began to give their support to the rebellion. The rebels marched to York and demanded that the monasteries should be reopened. This march, which contained over 30,000 people, became known as the Pilgrimage of Grace.
Henry VIII's army was not strong enough to fight the rebels. Henry VIII's army was not strong enough to fight the rebels. Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, negotiated a peace with Robert Aske. Howard was forced to promise that he would pardon the rebels and hold a parliament in York to discuss their demands. The rebels were convinced that this parliament would reopen the monasteries and therefore went back to their homes.
However, as soon as the rebel army had dispersed. Henry ordered the arrest of the leaders of the Pilgrimage of Grace. About 200 people were executed for their part in the rebellion. These included Robert Aske and Lady Bulmer who were burnt at the stake. Abbots of the four largest monasteries in the north were also executed.