One of the entries for the Rainhill Trials, the Novelty, was built by John Ericsson and John Braithwaite. The design was based on road steam carriages being built at that time. The Novelty had a upright boiler (the picture below shows one of the men putting coke into it) and a horizontal boiler pipe that ran the length of the locomotive beneath the footplate. Another feature of the design was that the drive from the vertical cylinders was via bell cranks and connecting rods to the wheels. The Novelty was built in six weeks and had not been tried out before the competition organised by the Liverpool & Manchester Railway took place in October, 1829.
Weighing only 2 tons 3 cwt, the Novelty was much smaller than the other entries. It was also the quickest and reached speeds of 28 mph during the trials that took place on the first day. This was 4 mph faster than the Rocket managed during the opening session. On the second day the boiler pipe became overheated and was damaged. To reach it for repairs, Ericsson and Braithwaite had to partially dismantle the boiler. The steam-tight joints had to be made with a cement which normally took a week to harden. Braithwaite and Ericsson had to go out the next day and not surprisingly when the Novelty reached 15 mph the joints started to blow. The damage was considerable and the Novelty was forced to retire from the competition.