The Medieval Spade

A spade was made of wood with iron shoes to protect it from wearing out. It was used for preparing the ground, especially on the croft. it was also used for digging ditches when draining land. Before planting seeds it is necessary to breakdown the earth. Poor farmers who could not borrow or hire a plough had to use a spade for this work.

Harvesting (c. 1190)
Harvesting (c. 1190)