Anabaptism emerged during the Protestant Reformation in Zurich. Its religious doctrine centered on the baptism of believers as adults. Anabaptists believed that all institutions were by their nature corrupt. This they argued, gave them the moral right to disobey laws imposed by governments. Anabaptists were active in Austria, Poland, the Netherlands and England. Anabaptist congregations separated themselves from all forms of state control and avoided contact with society outside their own communities.