Federico Garcia Lorca was born in Fuente Vaqueros in Spain in 1898. He attended the University of Granada where he emerged as a major poet.
After leaving university he lived in Madrid where he wrote poems, articles, plays and song lyrics. His best known work includes Blood Wedding (1933), Yerma (1934) and The House of Bernarda Alba (1934).
A supporter of the Popular Front government, Garcia Lorca moved to Granada on the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War. In July 1936, Garcia Lorca and his socialist brother-in-law, who was also mayor of Granada, were arrested by supporters of the Nationalist Army.
José Valdés Guzmán, the head of the local Falange Española, ordered his execution in August. It is estimated that Guzmán was responsible for the execution of about 2,000 supporters of the Popular Front in Granada.