Consumer Education: Buying things on the Internet? Taking a pair of faulty jeans you bought in a sale back to a shop? Wondering where all those empty soft drink cans go after you throw them in the bin? Young people all over the UK can learn how to become informed and responsible consumers, aware of their rights and aware of how their actions affect other people across the globe. Young people can now find out everything they need to know about their rights and responsibilities as consumers by visiting the site. This consumer education website launched by the Welsh Consumer Council provides a wealth of information to support and build the confidence of young consumers learning how to live in a complex and independent world. The colourful site makes learning about consumer issues simple and fun, with information, worksheets and quizzes on consumer law, shopping, advertising, money, health and safety, the environment and how to complain.

DfES Citizenship: This government website has been designed as a source of information about education for Citizenship in the curriculum for young people in schools and colleges in England. Information on the site has been arranged in three main areas for teachers, pupils, and parents and governors. There are sections on Curriculum Issues, Assessment, Training & Development, Teaching Resources and Case-Studies.

Citizenship Foundation: The Citizenship Foundation is an independent charity working to promote more effective citizenship through education about the law, democracy and society. Founded in 1989, it encourages understanding of the rights and duties of citizenship, the workings of the political, social, and legal systems and the democratic process. It also advocates the provision of experiences which enable citizens to become caring, confident and effective members of society. In particular, the Foundation seeks ways of enriching provision for those for whom the quality of citizenship would otherwise be poor.

Time for Citizenship: On this website produced by St John Fisher Primary School in Sheffield, children exchange ideas through a scrolling notepad (school forum). They are also given the opportunity to display artwork and ideas of citizenship. Teachers are able to download Citizenship lessons from the site and obtain information from colleagues regarding Citizenship education. All lessons are selected as good examples of good practice and have been 'field tested' in schools by teachers, police officers and children. Every primary school in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland is being invited to join in this project to share good practice and to contribute to the site. This site is much more than children, police, teachers and the NSPCC working with the Internet. It is about action in the community and that really is at the heart of the project. It is hoped that children will learn to become more involved in activities which will allow them to grow into more caring citizens.

TeacherNet: Recently TeacherNet launched a new PSHE (Personal, Social and Health Education) area of its website. It's a dedicated learning and development resource, and includes: a flexible, interactive tool to help identify your development needs; a signpost to 'learning pathways' offering a range of learning options; a database of resources; and the opportunity to share ideas, seek advice and contribute your own good practice through the bulletin board. The website also has over 90 Citizenship lesson plan reviews and links relevant resources.

Speak Out! This is a pan-European project that aims to get young people thinking and talking about European issues in the classroom and online. It is now in its third year and has proved very popular with teachers and students across Europe. The website hosts discussion for about nine European issues. A teacher guide accompanies the project, which gives informative briefings on the issues as well as ideas for classroom activities and discussion topics.

Citizenship: Schemes of Work: The Standards Site is managed by the Department for Education and Employment's Standards and Effectiveness Unit (SEU). The main objective of the site is to supply teachers with "guidance and tools to help schools improve effectiveness, raise standards and reduce workload". This part of the website provides guidance about the citizenship aspects of the non statutory framework for PSHE and citizenship at key stages 1 and 2. It includes: a Teacher's guide, with practical ideas about whole-school planning, approaches to and provision of citizenship; exemplar units with learning objectives based on the citizenship aspects of the PSHE and citizenship framework, suggested teaching activities to meet those objectives and defined outcomes of pupils' learning.

Citizen Education: A consortium of organisations - Central Bureau, Commonwealth Institute, Council for Environmental Education, Development Education Association and Oxfam - have come together to produce this portal website on Citizenship Education. The website is maintained by the Centre for Citizenship Studies in Education at the University of Leicester. It receives advise and support from the Council for Education in World Citizenship, the Department for Education and Skills, and the Department for International Development.

CEWC-Cymru: The Council for Education in World Citizenship-Cymru is an educational charity working with young people to promote understanding of the contemporary world. It provides support for local, national and global citizenship education in Wales. Among events organised by CEWC-Cymru are the Wales Schools’ Debating Championships, Model United Nations meetings, European Youth Parliaments, residential conferences and human rights workshops. It also provides curriculum materials and training in Welsh schools and colleges. The recent major addition has been Citizenship Today, a teacher support pack for teaching citizenship from Key Stages 1 to 4. While based on the Welsh Personal and Social Education Framework, it contains lesson plans which would be relevant to all parts of the UK.

Citizen 21: The education unit at Charter 88, has produced a range of educational materials to encourage and develop understanding of the political institutions in the United Kingdom and how they work. Background reading, questions for self directed study, workshop materials and any additional resources are posted on this website and will be regularly updated. It is aimed at people who work in schools, with youth, in the community and the adult education sector. The core topics are: bill of rights; voting; parliament; freedom of information; decentralization (including devolution); citizenship; and democracy.

Explore Parliament: This website, produced by the Parliamentary Education Unit. Junior Parliament is designed to introduce primary pupils to some of the history, traditions and structure of Parliament. Explore Parliament, for secondary pupils, seeks to encourage understanding of and participation in the political process. Interactive games such as Quest, a quiz for primary pupils, and Act of Parliament, an online debating chamber for 14-16 year olds, seek to encourage pupils to find out more about Parliament.

Thomas Paine: In 1791 Thomas Paine published his most influential work, The Rights of Man. In the book Paine attacked hereditary government and argued for equal political rights. Paine suggested that all men over twenty-one in Britain should be given the vote and this would result in a House of Commons willing to pass laws favourable to the majority. The book also recommended progressive taxation, family allowances, old age pensions, maternity grants and the abolition of the House of Lords. By the time he had died, over 1,500,000 copies of The Rights of Man had been sold in Europe. This website provides an overview of Paine's life and some brief extracts from his written work.

Spring Day in Europe: Each school in the EU member states or associated countries is invited to take part in Spring Day in Europe. Participation can be in any form: a discussion, a meeting with celebrities and experts involved in European matters, a debate between pupils within the school or between pupils from schools in different countries, either directly or via the Internet - the options are endless! There are no cumbersome procedures or financial requirements. Regions or countries wishing to develop projects at their level are welcome to do so. So far over 1,120 schools in 28 countries have registered to join the project.

Citizenship Education: Volunteering charity CSV, a specialist in citizenship education, has launched a competition to encourage teachers and students to link Citizenship and ICT. The competition encourages all secondary school students in England to design a web-page on their Citizenship project, and offers the chance of winning a digital camera and seeing their work uploaded onto CSV's Citizenship website. Individuals or groups of students can include text, images, photographs, audio or video in their competition entries. Submissions will be judged according to evidence of students' ability to reflect on and communicate Citizenship projects.

Votes are Power: Many young people are asking questions such as: Why can't I get a drink after 11pm? Why should getting a degree leave me £1000s in debt? Why don't we cut greenhouse gases? Should we do more for the homeless? The UK is a democracy. You can vote and have your say about what goes on with all sorts of issues. But could you inspire others to vote? Why not tap into your creative side and develop a groundbreaking piece of design to get your message across. Enter the Votes are Power design competition and win an Apple ibook, work experience with a leading creative agency, and the chance to see your work used in an ad campaign and displayed at the RSA.

History of the European Union and European Citizenship: This website, History of the European Union: Integration Process and European Citizenship, has been produced by Juan Carlos Ocaña, a teacher from Spain. The website focuses on the history of the EU an the legal notion of European Citizenship. It is targeted to upper secondary education and early university grades students. Apart from historical information organised in a chronological way, biographies, glossary, texts and a timeline are available.

Politics in Britain: 1750-1950: An encyclopedia of politics in Britain between 1750 and 1950. The website includes sections on Parliamentary Reform: 1750-1832, Political Parties & Election Results: 1832-1951, Parliamentary Legislation: 1715-1948. The website also contains biographies of Members of Parliament: 1750-1820 (34); 1820-1880 (47); 1880-1920 (80) and 1920-1950 (79).

Political Sciences Resources: Richard Kimber of Keele University has produced a magnificent website for all teachers and students of Politics. He has successfully achieved his ambition of offering a gateway to the most significant resources relevant to political science on the Internet. Kimber has organized his material in several different ways. Area Studies gives access to information on individual countries. You can also find information by looking at the topics section such as constitutions, elections or political parties.

British Politics: This site is designed for those studying British politics to an Advanced level. Topics studied in depth include the British electoral system; proportional representation; pressure groups in the UK, the concept and various forms of democracy; political parties; devolution (theory of) and Wales and Scotland; citizenship; politics and rights; party systems; referendums; the reform of the House of Lords; arguments for and against the Euro; constitutional reform.

Active Citizenship: To mark the introduction of Citizenship in the National Curriculum, the DfES in association with Barclays is running a competition to celebrate 'Active Citizenship'. Are your students involved in the life of your school, neighbourhood or local community? Tell the DfES about it and your school could win prizes to enhance your understanding of active participation. The first prize is a trip to Brussels, the historic city that is home to the European Parliament. The prize winner can take three friends and/or relatives.

House of Lords: When the Labour Party was elected to power in 1997, it promised to introduce legislation that would make the House of Lords an elected second chamber. However, Tony Blair, the prime minister changed his mind and last week called for a fully appointed House of Lords. On 4th February, 2003, the House of Lords voted for this measure (335 votes to 110) but it was defeated in the House of Commons (323 votes to 245) . This Guardian website includes a large collection of articles on the various attempts to reform the House of Lords.

History of the Labour Party: The Labour Party was established in 1900 - originally as the Labour Representation Committee - to fight for representation for the Labour movement – trade unions and socialist societies – in Parliament. Its first leader was Keir Hardie, one of the earliest Labour MPs. Labour was in government for three short periods of the 20th century and its achievements revolutionized the lives of the British people. This brief history of this organization, with an introduction by Tony Blair, is available from the official Labour Party website.

History of the Conservative Party: The origins of the Conservative Party can be traced to the 'Tory' faction which emerged in the later seventeenth century. This 'Tory Party' established a secure hold on government between 1783 and 1830, first under the Younger Pitt and then Lord Liverpool. However, after Liverpool's retirement in 1827 the unity of the party was destroyed when the Duke of Wellington and Robert Peel, were forced, largely as a result of events in Ireland, to concede full political emancipation to Roman Catholics. The Tory collapse opened the way for a return of the Whigs in the 1830s, and a series of measures including the Great Reform Act of 1832 changed the political scene. This history of the Conservative Party has been written by Stuart Ball, Reader, Department of History, University of Leicester.

History of the Liberal Democrat Party: Whilst the history of the Liberal Democrats as a formal political party stretches back 150 years to the formation of the Liberal Party in 1859, Liberal political thought goes back at least a further 200 years. Liberal Political thought in England grew out of the ferment of the English Civil War and the reaction that set in with The Restoration in 1660. However, whilst the philosopher John Locke started the long line of British liberal thinkers, there was no organisation that could reasonably be regarded as a political party, liberal or otherwise at this time. The Eighteenth Century saw the establishment of relatively formal parliamentary groupings, the whigs and the vtroires, but the very limited franchise meant that they did not have to be engaged a great deal with the wider population. The history of Liberalism has been produced by the Liberal Democrat History Group.

Rachel's War: This weekend 23-year-old American peace activist Rachel Corrie was crushed to death by a bulldozer as she tried to prevent the Israeli army destroying homes in the Gaza Strip. In a remarkable series of emails to her family, Rachel Corrie explained why she was risking her life for the cause of peace.

21st Century Citizen: The British Library has organised parts of its historic collection of documents into a set of investigations supporting the study and discussion of citizenship issues. Suitable of key stages 3 and 4 the site includes

downloadable materials for teachers and students. The strength of this Citizenship website rests in its rich collection of source material and supporting activities fully referenced to the National Curriculum programmes of study, as well as the opportunities for sharing and developing local community projects. By providing students with access to original sources and teaching them how to undertake research in order to test a hypothesis, this site will empower young people to become politically literate and active citizens.

World Ecitizens: The aim of the World Ecitizens Project to encourage understanding between peoples and communities and to share the fascinating diversity within nations and across the world. The organization's website provides a web based learning environment and is a rich resource for educational collaboration in topics such as responsible citizenship, mutual respect, combating social injustice and conflict prevention and resolution. Since January 2003 communities and classes of young people in the UK have presented posters, video clips and comic strips about citizenship issues that concern them. Some of the young people have been working with artists and writers in residence. So far homelessness and international citizenship have emerged as major areas of concern.

eHow: In the past, when people wanted to know how to do things, they found answers from a variety of sources: friends and family, store clerks, instruction manuals, reference books and Internet sites. Their experiences became complicated tasks, comprised of figuring out how to accomplish the project, making an itemized list of necessities, remembering what is already on-hand, finding what products or services are needed, and making numerous purchases with multiple payment methods to get everything. And all of this was done before they could even start their projects. was created to give people a fast and easy way to find out how to do a variety of real-world activities, provide ways to accomplish them, and join a community of like-minded people who share a passion for getting things done.